Meet Your..... Scapula

The Scapula is a fascinating bone that sits in the upper back and is a key component of the shoulder

The shoulder is three bones, the Scapula, Clavicle and Humerus, which is why it's often referred to as the "shoulder complex"

The Scapula is a flat(ish), kinda triangular bone that attaches to both the Humerus and Clavicle.




It slides over the ribcage, but has no ligaments that connected it to the axial skeleton, a fact that will forever amaze me. It connects to the main skeleton via the sternoclavicular joint on the front of the body.

But what the scap does have is seventeen, yes, 17 muscles that attach to it.


Muscles of the Scapula


  1. Subscapularis which sits underneath the scap ( "sub" - "Scap...) and attaches to the Lesser Tubercle of the Humerus

  2. Supraspinatus which runs along the top section of the scapula above the spine and attaches to the Greater Tubercle in upper part of the humerus

  3. Infraspinatus Covers the lower portion of the scapula below the spine and runs out to the Humerus attaching to the middle facet of the greater tubercle

  4. Deltoid has three parts, 2 of which attach to the scapula, the rear delt attaches to the spine, the middle delt the acromion, the third section, the anterior delt attaches to the clavicle.

  5. Latissimus Dorsi attachment varies across the population, but most folk have a good amount of Lat attachment on the bottom "corner" of the scap

  6. Trapezius Runs along the upper border of the crest of the spine and into medial border of the acromion.

  7. Serratus anterior comes from the medial border of the scap, that is the edge closest to the spine, and spreads out over several ribs (ribs 1-9), I personally find this muscle fascinating.

  8. The long head of Biceps Brachii attaches to the coracoid process, which is the smaller, lower of the two projections coming of the top corner of the scap.

  9. Coracobrachialis sits right beside the long head of the bicep

  10. Pectoralis minor also joins onto the coracoid process

  11. The long head of triceps attaches at the infraglenoid tubercle just below the "socket" of the shoulders "ball and socket" set up

  12. Teres minor comes from the lateral border

  13. Teres major runs from the posterior aspect of the inferior angle

  14. Levator scapulae is another of my favourite muscles in that it is so often found to be tight in so many clients, it comes from the upper part of the medial border of the scap attaching to the upper part of the spine from C1 to C4

  15. Rhomboideus minor

  16. Rhomboideus major These are the Rhomboids that run from the medial border of the scap in an upwards diagonal to the thoracic vertebra, C7 to T5

  17. Omohyoid muscle is a little known muscle coming from the top of the scap to the hyoid bone that sits atop the trachea (wind pipe).